Scope

African Journal of One Health publishes high quality articles focusing on problems and issues in One Health. To be considered for publication, a manuscript must have a new contribution to knowledge that will make impact on One Health. Review articles that expound new knowledge on One Health is highly appreciated. Manuscripts that have been submitted elsewhere or lack novelty will not be considered for submission.

Page charges

African Journal of One Health will charge 100 USD as publication fees.

Code of ethics

African Journal of One Health adopts the COPE code of conduct for authors, Editors and Reviewers:

Preliminary screening of manuscripts

All manuscripts received will undergo a screening process to check for the required format and to ensure that it meets the scope of the journal. The Editor reserves the right to return (without reviewing) any manuscript submitted to African Journal One Health that falls outside its scope. Manuscript that requires reformatting will be returned to the authors with instructions to resubmit. African Journal of One Health will verify all submissions for textual similarity to other published works via anti-plagiarism software.

Double blind review

Manuscripts submitted to African Journal of One Health will undergo double-blind review, whereby the reviewers and authors remain anonymous to each other. This is to allow unbiased decisions. Submissions to this journal will be evaluated by at least two reviewers, and the Editorial decides on acceptance, revision or rejection. Manuscripts returned to authors for revision should be resubmitted within the stipulated deadline given; otherwise, the manuscript may be considered as withdrawn. The deadline for the resubmission of the revised manuscript could be extended upon request to the Editor.

Authorship

All authors listed in the manuscript must have contributed substantially to the study (conceptualization, design, data analysis, draft and revision).

Types of papers

African Journal of One Health accepts research papers, short communications, notes or reviews.

Research papers must be reports of original research findings that have not been published or is not considered for publication. The research findings should be novel contributions to scientific knowledge on One Health. The research manuscript must have a short concise abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussions and conclusion.

Short communications are results of concise, but significant work that should be published immediately. Manuscripts must have an abstract but without the usual major headings of full research papers.

Review articles are critical reviews of the state of knowledge of a specific topic or interdisciplinary areas and provide future research directions on the subject for the advancement of knowledge. The review article must have abstract and appropriate subheadings.

Articles must be technically sound and written in good and correct American or British English and not a combination of both. Authors must display good knowledge of the primary scientific literature and prepare manuscripts according to the journal's standards and instructions to facilitate prompt review and processing of papers.

Preparation of Manuscripts

General

Manuscript should be typed using Microsoft Office Word using standard A4 size page with 2.5 cm on either margin. Double-space the manuscript throughout, including references, Table and Figure captions. Use Times New Roman font with a font size of 12 for the body text and font size 10 for legends of Table and Figure.

Title page

The "Title page" should contain the title of the article only and should be uploaded in the system. Do not write the author's and co-author's names and institutional addresses on the Title page. All the author's names and email contacts should be entered during submission of the manuscript. Please note that before uploading, to facilitate blind review, the title page and the manuscript file must not contain the names and affiliations of the authors.

Abstract

Provide a summary which includes the introduction or background, purpose of the research, principal results and major conclusions in not more than 250 words. Avoid the usage of references and non-standard or uncommon abbreviations.

Keywords

List 3 to 5 keywords separated by representing the main content of the article. Use only globally acceptable abbreviations that is firmly established in the field of study. Do not use keywords that appear in the title.

Introduction

Provide sufficient background information on the problems to addressed, the current level of knowledge, the aims of the study, and the hypotheses tested. This will allow readers to understand the purpose and significance of the study. Cite references wisely to provide the most salient background rather than an exhaustive review of the topic. Avoid citing references that are difficult to trace.

Materials and Methods

Include detailed information such as the design of the study, the type of materials involved, and the type of analysis used, to replicate your study. For well-established methodology, cite articles where those protocols are described in and include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.

Authors must state the biological replicates used in the experimental design.

Equation must be inserted using the Equation Editor.

Provide only brand/model and country of all chemicals/equipment used.

Animal research

All experiments that utilize humans and animal subjects should comply with ethics in animal research. Authors must obtain prior approval from their Institutional Research Ethics Committee or equivalent.

Results

Present the results of the experiments as concisely as possible in either text, Table(s), or Figure(s). Figures and Tables should be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text, and be sure to cite all Figures and Tables.

Full information is required when molecular methods are used, including the sequences of novel primers. Supporting molecular data (e.g., nucleic acid sequences, protein sequences) should be deposited in a public database such as GenBank, EMBL or DDBJ, and give the accession number in the manuscript.

Discussion

Provide a comprehensive interpretation of the results and explanation of the implications of the findings to previous related studies and potential future directions for research. Avoid extensive repetition of the results or reiteration of the Introduction. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusion

State clearly the main conclusions of the research and its scientific contribution.

Acknowledgements

List the source of any financial support received for the work being published and those individuals who provided help during the research.

References

Ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list and vice versa. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

Citation in text

Cite references in the text as Author (year). Cite three or more authors as (First Author et al., year) and references still in press as (Author, in press). If a reference is unpublished, say (Author, unpubl. data) or (Author, pers. comm.). Arrange references in series by year as in (Beta, 1980; Omega, 1985; Alpha, 1990).

Citation in the Reference list

This Journal uses American Psychological Association (APA) reference style. The reference list should be in alphabetical order and include the full title. See below for the reference style:

Journal article with DOI
Basic Format: Last name, A. A., Last name, B. B., & Last name, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of JournalVolume number (issue number if available). For example, Borucki, M. K., Peppin, J. D., White, D., Loge, F., & Call, D. R. (2003). Variation in biofilm formation among strains of Listeria monocytogenes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.69(12), 7336-7342.

Conference proceedings
Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March). Why aren't we using 3D user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/vr.2006.148

Book
Basic Format: Author. (Year). Title of Book. Editor. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book chapter, or an article within a book
Author's last name, first Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In editor's first Initial(s) last name (Ed.), Title of Book (pp. pages of chapter). Location of publication: Publisher.

Online document
Basic Format: Author. (Date). Title of article. Title of Online ResourceVolume number (issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ or doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Tables and Figures

The Tables and Figures must not be submitted separately and should appear in the text where they are mentioned in the first instance. All figures and tables are to be numbered using numbers consecutively. Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.). Table and Figure legends must be in sentence case, self-explanatory and detailed. The reader should be able to understand without referring to the text. Abbreviations should be defined. Figure legends begin with the term Fig., followed by the figure number. Avoid footnotes, addenda or appendices; if they are necessary, incorporate them briefly in the text. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body. In figures, experimental error and statistical significance should be indicated clearly. In designing Tables and Figures, bear in mind the journal’s page and make any reduction if needed. Tables must have horizontal lines only at the top and bottom and no vertical lines at all. Leave spaces to indicate groupings of data. Figures must be neat and simple line drawings, computer-generated graphics, or good-quality black and white or colour photographs. Labels or lettering on Figures must be of a size readable after reduction.

Authors who reproduce or use modified figures or tables from previous copyright publications are responsible to obtain permission first from the copyright authority and must cite the original source before the manuscript can be reviewed.

Photographs

Authors should provide sharp pictures and are required to provide the level of magnification. Photomicrograph or electron micrograph must include a legible scale bar within the figure at the lower right-hand corner.

Latin Names and Authority

Give in full the Latin name of all individual species along with the authority with the correct use of parenthesis at first mention in the manuscript including the title, abstract and the body of the paper – provide authority for all the species mentioned even in Discussion and Tables.

Units and Symbols

Place a (leading) zero before the decimal in numbers less than 1. Give dates in the form 10 January 1994. Spell out numbers less than 10 unless they stand beside standard units of measure (eight fish and 8 kg). Do not spell out numbers larger than 10 unless they are used to start a sentence.

Follow internationally accepted metric units or the International System of Units (with base units metre, gram, second, litres, mole, joule, etc.). Common units such as day, tonnes, hectare, watts, horsepower, °C and ppt salinity may be acceptable. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g., 5 m); otherwise spell out units (e.g., only metres away). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use superscripts instead of the bar (/) for compound units including tables and figures, e.g., gland/kg should be gland.kg-1; 4.2 kcal.g-1; mg.L-1; µg.L-1; g.L-1; US$.kg-1; fish.ha-1 (-1 superscript). Refer IUPAC: Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry: http://www.iupac.org/ for further information.

Multiplication symbols are used (×) and not small "x" letters. Use h for hours, min for minutes and sec for seconds. Use L for litres, µL for µl, mL for ml, g for gram and kg for Kg. Use proper symbols ( °, ', ") for coordinates. Use the degree symbol (°C) and not zero or alphabet "o" superscript. Give space between the numerical value and unit symbol, e.g., 9 %, 4 cm, 26 °C. Give space between value and ±, =, ×, e.g. 0.239 ± 0.092; n = 64; 5 × 6. P < 0.05; P > 0.05 - The P is upper case and italicized.

Other

Avoid starting sentences or headings with a number or abbreviation. Abbreviations should be expanded at first mention even in Abstract. Define acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations at first mention in the text. Do not give any acronym in parenthesis if it is not used later in the text. Do not italicise et al., sp. and spp.

Submission process

Before submitting your manuscript, please ensure that you carefully read and adhere to all the guidelines and instructions as mentioned in the "Instruction for Authors". You can access it at: http://www.ajooh.org/index.php/AJOOH

To submit a manuscript go to the following link: http://www.ajooh.org/index.php/AJOOH

First-time users will need to click "Create Account" with your email as an ID, and you will immediately receive a temporary password to log in. You can change the password after you have logged in.

After logging into your account, select "Author" in the top left hand after which the "Author Dashboard" will appear. The system is user-friendly and will guide you to facilitate submission of the manuscript. You may use the Tutorial guide to be familiar with the submission procedure.

Manuscript Withdrawal Policy

Withdrawal of manuscript after submission is strongly discouraged. In case there is a strong reason for withdrawal, a request for withdrawal signed by all the authors clearly stating the reasons for withdrawal must be sent to the Editor-in-Chief. After acceptance by the Editor-in-Chief, the editorial office will provide the author with a manuscript withdrawal letter and the manuscript will be withdrawn. It is not an acceptable practice to withdraw a manuscript after it has been sent for peer review.

Online First

Accepted manuscript will immediately appear online in PDF format after final correction by both the author and editorial board and can be downloaded from the journal website. http://www.ajooh.org/index.php/AJOOH

Inquiries or Feedback

For inquiries, suggestions or complaints authors may contact the Deputy Editor by sending an email to: